Drumstick cultivation ( સરગવાની શીંગ )


The horn has a special place in vegetables. Sargavo and perennial are numerous evergreen trees with numerous small leaves, eight to ten meters high. Which is a useful tree of Morangaceae family. In English it is known as Drumstick. Its capsules are widely used in South India in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh. Sargani pods are rich in vitamins B and C. The capsules contain 7.5% carbohydrates, 7.5% protein and are rich in minerals. In addition, the roots, flowers and bark also contain medicinal properties. In particular, it gives relief in anorexia, arthritis, stiffness of the body, paralysis, reserves, inflammation, stones as well as skin diseases due to the dipping properties of Sargwani horn pulp. The juice of Sargavana leaves gives relief in headaches and respiratory diseases. Thus sargavo has been proven to be very useful as a vegetable. Sargwani horn is used as a vegetable and curry, as a leaf and flower vegetable, as a root pickle, in rituals, lentils etc.

In Gujarat, in Vadodara, Anand, Kheda, Sabarkantha and Mehsana districts, the prevalence of drumstick cultivation is increasing day by day. The location of Sargana in the Kitchen Garden is definitely visible. The important points for modern farming method of Sargwani are as follows.


Sargavo usually occurs everywhere, but sandy and loamy fertile soils are very favorable. Generally well drained soils, medium black, well drained soils are suitable. The more organic matter in the soil, the better. Sargavo can also be grown in the sandy soils of river-springs.

Read in Gujarati(ગુજરાતીમાં વાંચો)

The weather

Hot and humid temperate weather is very favorable. Excessive heat or cold hinders the growth and development of the tree.


Sargana is sown with medium sized (1.5 to 6.0 h) cut and sloping eye grafts.

Improved varieties
(1) PKM-1; Tamil Nadu Krishi Uni. Is the quality recommended by Coimbatore. After 6 months of sowing, the pods are started which are 5 to 20 cm. Length, dark green, medium thickness. It has an estimated annual production capacity of 50 to 60 kg per tree.

(2) Konkan Ruchira: A variety prepared by Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli. The pods are green in color, with a high fetal size of 30 to 5 cm. Long, delicious. Approximately 50 kg. Yields per tree per year.

(2) Jaffna: The pods of this species are 20 to 30 cm. Length, fluffy fetus, delicious. Approximately 50 kg. Per tree gives annual yield.

(2) Local: In addition, local varieties are cultivated in the state according to the area.

Lilo Sargavo: Junagadh, Porbandar area of ​​Saurashtra.

Karelio Sargavo ઃ Bhavnagar area

Tuko Sargavo: Ode, for the area of ​​Mahikantha, the pods are plump, 30 to 40 cm thick. Have length. Very tasty.

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Usually 3 cm in summer. x 3 cm To prepare pits of x 2 cm at a distance of 2 m x 2 m. To fill the pits by mixing the recommended chemical fertilizer with the so-called good manure compost as well as Parathion Dust 20 gm manure per pit for weed control. Plant seedlings or cuttings prepared in April-May before the onset of monsoon and irrigate immediately. If needed, support the seedlings with sticks or bamboo.

Chemical fertilizer

At the time of planting, apply 100 g DAP and 100 g potash manure per pit at the base.

For the sake of fulfillment

Three months after planting apply 50: 4: 4 gm / nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizer per plant at a distance of 30 to 4 cm around the trunk and apply in the soil. Then 50 gm nitrogen / plant should be given every six months.


If rain falls in monsoon, give light water as required. Irrigation at 30 days interval during flowering and pod development.


Weed control and weed as required. Pruning when the plants reach a height of one meter. Pruning older trees by cutting the trunk from a height of one meter.

Crop protection

Diseases and pests are generally negligible in Sargava. However, in case of infestation of sucking type pests when intercropping, it is necessary to spray one to two as per the requirement of the recommended absorbent type of medicine.

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In the improved varieties in Sargwa, the pods become viable after six months. Healthy, medium-thick pods of the same length are unloaded with the help of hooks without damaging the branches or trunks of the tree, graded and made into suitable sized judis, packed in cloth, vibration or cardboard boxes and sent to the market at reasonable prices. A good product can be obtained by regular weaving at intervals of five to seven days.

Many progressive farmers of Gujarat are earning supplementary income by cultivating Sargwana trees in the sheds of their farms and have become economically viable through Sargwana farming. You too should adopt Sargani farming and earn more income through farming.

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